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96 Oracle 11g Tutorials   NULLS First & NULLS Last (By MrMerchant Co.)
 
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Oracle 11g Complete Tutorials - PART96 Don't forget to subscribe to my channel. (source: Coding Arena). BOOKS FOR REFERENCE. OCA Oracle Database SQL Certified Expert Exam Guide (Exam 1Z0-047) https://amzn.to/2xy71is Learning SQL: Master SQL Fundamentals - https://amzn.to/2QI0DO7 SQL Pocket Guide: A Guide to SQL Usage - https://amzn.to/2NnI1F7 SQL Cookbook: Query Solutions and Techniques for Database Developers - https://amzn.to/2QCzJY2 Oracle Database 12C: The Complete Reference - https://amzn.to/2QHpWjq OCP: Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Professional - https://amzn.to/2NqChKU
Views: 4 MrMerchant Co.
Lead , Lag ,  First Value , Last Value ,  Keep First , Keep Last | Oracle SQL Tutorial | Mr.Murali
 
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Lead , Lag , First Value , Last Value , Keep First , Keep Last in Oracle SQL | Oracle SQL Tutorial | Mr.Murali ►For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ►Call: +91-8179191999 ► Visit Our Website: http://nareshit.in/ http://nareshit.com/ ► About NareshIT: "Naresh IT is the Best Software Training Institute for Hadoop, Salesforce, AWS, DevOps, Sprak, Data Science, Python, Tableau, RPA ,Java, C#.NET, ASP.NET, Oracle, Testing Tools, Silver light, Linq, SQL Server, Selenium, Android, iPhone, C Language, C++, PHP and Digital Marketing in Hyderabad, Chennai and Vijayawada, India which provides online and classroom training classes" ►For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ►Call: India- 8179191999, USA- 404-232-9879 Email: [email protected] ►Our Online Training Features: 1.Training with Real-Time Experts 2.Industry Specific Scenario’s 3.Flexible Timings 4.Soft Copy of Material 5.Share Video's of each and every session. Check The Below Links: ►For Course Reg : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ► Subscribe to Our Channel: https://goo.gl/q9ozyG ► Circle us on G+: https://plus.google.com/NareshIT ► Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NareshIT ► Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/nareshitech ► Visit Our Website: http://nareshit.in/ http://nareshit.com/
Views: 13799 Naresh i Technologies
LAST VALUE function in SQL Server
 
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last_value function in sql server 2008 sql server last_value function returns incorrect data sql server last_value function example sql server last_value function with partition example LAST_VALUE function in SQL Server In this video we will discuss LAST_VALUE function in SQL Server. LAST_VALUE function Introduced in SQL Server 2012 Retrieves the last value from the specified column ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional ROWS or RANGE clause is optional, but for it to work correctly you may have to explicitly specify a value Syntax : LAST_VALUE(Column_Name) OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) LAST_VALUE function not working as expected : In the following example, LAST_VALUE function does not return the name of the highest paid employee. This is because we have not specified an explicit value for ROWS or RANGE clause. As a result it is using it's default value RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LAST_VALUE(Name) OVER (ORDER BY Salary) AS LastValue FROM Employees LAST_VALUE function working as expected : In the following example, LAST_VALUE function returns the name of the highest paid employee as expected. Notice we have set an explicit value for ROWS or RANGE clause to ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING This tells the LAST_VALUE function that it's window starts at the first row and ends at the last row in the result set. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LAST_VALUE(Name) OVER (ORDER BY Salary ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING) AS LastValue FROM Employees LAST_VALUE function example with partitions : In the following example, LAST_VALUE function returns the name of the highest paid employee from the respective partition. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LAST_VALUE(Name) OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING) AS LastValue FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/lastvalue-function-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/lastvalue-function-in-sql-server_9.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html Full SQL Server Course https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL4cyC4G0M1RQ_Rm52cQ4CcOJ_T_HXeMB4 All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 35569 kudvenkat
Oracle DENSE_RANK Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-dense_rank/ The Oracle DENSE_RANK function allows you to calculate a rank of a row in a group of rows. It returns this rank as a NUMBER value. This function can be used as either an analytic or an aggregate function, and the syntax depends on how you use it. As an aggregate function it looks like this: DENSE_RANK ( expr, [expr(n)] ) WITHIN GROUP ( ORDER BY (order_expr [ASC|DESC] [NULLS FIRST|LAST] ) These parameters are: - expr: this is the value to search for in a particular table. You can specify multiple search values, and just separate them by a comma. - order_expr: this is used to order the expr values by, because you get a different results depending on what order you rank the values in. - NULLS FIRST or LAST: this is where you can specify if you want to have NULL values appear at the top of your ranking order or at the bottom. As an analytic function, it looks like this: DENSE_RANK() OVER ( [query_partition_clause] order_by_clause) The parameters are: - query_partition_clause: this is the expression that the ranking is “grouped” by, as analytic functions allow you to group data within rows. - order_by_clause: this is the expression to order your results by to determine a rank. For this function, if two records have the same sort or rank position, they will have the same RANK value. It won’t cause a gap in the rankings, unlike the RANK function which does cause a gap. For more information about the Oracle DENSE_RANK function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-dense_rank/
Views: 488 Database Star
AutoNumber & Identity Columns in oracle / arabic
 
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AutoNumber & Identity Columns in oracle oracle sql plsql AutoNumber in oracle GENERATED ALWAYS AS IDENTITY GENERATED by default AS IDENTITY GENERATED by default on null AS IDENTITY
Views: 517 khaled alkhudari
Null Values in Attributes | Database Management System
 
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This lecture explains about Null Values in attributes. To ask your doubts on this topic and much more, click on this Direct Link: http://www.techtud.com/video-lecture/lecture-21 IMPORTANT LINKS: 1) Official Website: http://www.techtud.com/ 2) Virtual GATE(for 'All India Test Series for GATE-2016'): http://virtualgate.in/login/index.php Both of the above mentioned platforms are COMPLETELY FREE, so feel free to Explore, Learn, Practice & Share! Our Social Media Links: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/techtuduniversity Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/virtualgate/ Google+ Page: https://plus.google.com/+techtud/posts Last but not the least, SUBSCRIBE our YouTube channel to stay updated about our regularly uploaded new videos.
Views: 18372 Techtud
PL/SQL tutorial 60: Collection Method EXISTS in Oracle Database by Manish Sharma
 
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RebellionRider presents you the latest PL/SQL Tutorial 60 on Collection method EXISTS by Manish Sharma ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/exists-function Previous Tutorial ► ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page of Manish Sharma___ https://www.facebook.com/TheRebellionRider/ ___Facebook Official Page of RebellionRider.com___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 8102 Manish Sharma
Oracle SQL Tutorial 19 - ON DELETE (SET NULL and CASCADE)
 
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Welcome everyone! Something you need to consider when you are creating foreign keys is what happens if you delete the parent? As a reminder, the parent is the row that has the value you are referencing in the row that has a foreign key. Why is this something important to consider? It's important because foreign keys need to protect us from two primary things, unacceptable INSERT statements, and unacceptable DELETE statements. Let's see what happens when we try to insert incorrect data into the table with the foreign key: INSERT INTO projects VALUES (1, 'Update website homepage', 'CalebCurry') The response tells us plainly that there is no such user in the users table. So this works correctly. Deleting data on the other hand works a bit differently because the database does not know what you want to do with the child row when you delete the parent from the parent table. By default, we will get an error message that prevents the parent from being deleted, but there are some other options. How do we configure this? This is where the ON DELETE statement comes in. We add the keywords ON DELETE right after the foreign key and then we can give it the option of CASCADE or SET NULL. CASCADE means that if we delete the parent, we are also going to delete the child. In our situation what that means is that if somebody creates a project in our project table and then that persons account gets deleted, all of the projects he owns will also be deleted. CASCADE: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, Project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id), CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk FOREIGN KEY (creator) REFERENCES users (username) ON DELETE CASCADE ) SET NULL will take the value in the child table and get rid of it. What you are left with is NULL. This means that we have an orphaned child. The first thought you might have is that it is a bad thing to have an orphaned child, but in databases that is not always so. In our application if we had it set to SET NULL, when a user account gets deleted the projects would remain in existence they would just lack a creator. This might be a good thing if you are concerned about the long term survival of a project, this might be the route you want to go. It ultimately depends on the application purpose. If you don't like CASCADE or SET NULL, you can leave the entire ON DELETE statement and just have Oracle throw an error when a parent is deleted. As for us, we are going to use ON DELETE CASCADE. We need to use this with extreme caution. If you are not careful, someday you will run a delete a row and that will cascade through you database deleting a bunch of stuff you didn't want to delete. Stuff happens, so make sure you back up your database every once in eternity. Now, in the last video we started with a database design that had three tables. We've only created two in this video. In the next video we are going to create the next one, which is a little special. Then we'll finish things up by adding some indexes. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 18318 Caleb Curry
How to Code Oracle FIRST LAST Aggregate Functions
 
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Learn Advanced Oracle SQL Aggregate functions FIRST and LAST. View all lessons in this tutorial at http://www.skillbuilders.com/advanced-aggregations-with-oracle-sql
Views: 861 SkillBuilders
ORACLE Analytic Functions for Data Warehousing 2/ Arabic
 
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ORACLE Analytic Functions for Data Warehousing 2/ Arabic FIRST_VALUE last_VALUE row_number() --FIRST_VALUE and LAST_VALUE Analytic Functions select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE from employees order by hire_date; select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , min(HIRE_DATE) over ( ) first_HIRE_DATE from employees select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , FIRST_VALUE(HIRE_DATE) over ( ) first_HIRE_DATE from employees order by hire_date; select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , max(HIRE_DATE ) over ( ) last_HIRE_DATE from employees select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , last_VALUE(HIRE_DATE ) over ( ) last_HIRE_DATE from employees order by HIRE_DATE drop table student_exam_result; CREATE TABLE student_exam_result (student_id number, exame_name varchar2(100), exame_try number, exame_results number ); insert into student_exam_result values(1,'calcluas',1,50); insert into student_exam_result values(1,'calcluas',2,66); insert into student_exam_result values(1,'calcluas',3,20); insert into student_exam_result values(2,'calcluas',1,66); insert into student_exam_result values(2,'calcluas',2,null); insert into student_exam_result values(2,'calcluas',3,7); insert into student_exam_result values(3,'calcluas',1,50); insert into student_exam_result values(3,'calcluas',2,98); insert into student_exam_result values(3,'calcluas',3,null); select * from student_exam_result select student_id, exame_name,exame_try,exame_results, last_value(exame_results) IGNORE NULLS over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) last_grade from student_exam_result order by student_id, exame_name, exame_try select student_id, exame_name,exame_try,exame_results, last_value(exame_results) IGNORE NULLS over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) last_grade, max(exame_results) over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) max_grade, avg(exame_results) over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) avg_grade from student_exam_result order by student_id, exame_name, exame_try ------------------------ select employee_id,first_name ,row_number() over(order by employee_id ) from employees select employee_id,first_name ,rownum from employees select employee_id,first_name ,department_id, row_number() over(partition by department_id order by employee_id ) from employees
Views: 759 khaled alkhudari
ALTER Command (DDL) in SQL with Implementation on ORACLE
 
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► Link for All Types of SQL Commands (DDL, DML, DCL, TCL): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vUj-kUEC_oA ► Link for Database Management System Playlist- https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxCzCOWd7aiFAN6I8CuViBuCdJgiOkT2Y ► Link for Computer Networks Playlist- https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxCzCOWd7aiGFBD2-2joCpWOLUrDLvVV_ ► Link for Operating System Playlist- https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxCzCOWd7aiGz9donHRrE9I3Mwn6XdP8p ► Link for Graph Theory Playlist- https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxCzCOWd7aiG0M5FqjyoqB20Edk0tyzVt ► Last Minutes Preparation for UGC NET and GATE Playlist- https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxCzCOWd7aiE4LQMkIhAe9amWX_SPNMiZ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Our Social Links: ► Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/gatesmashers ► Like Our page on Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/gatesmashers/ ► For any Query and Suggestions- [email protected]
Views: 1589 Gate Smashers
SQL Server 26 - PRIMARY KEY, NOT NULL, UNIQUE
 
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In the last video we created our first table, but I want to give SQL Server some extra information so the database knows more about each of the columns. The first thing is to establish the primary key. To do this all we do is add PRIMARY KEY after the column we want to be the primary key. Simple enough. When we add a constraint right after the column like this, it is often called a column attribute. CREATE TABLE Animals( ID INT PRIMARY KEY, Name VARCHAR(50), Species VARCHAR(50) ); Additionally, if you are using an ID column, it is best to have it labeled as the IDENTITY column. That way, SQL Server will automatically increment the number. CREATE TABLE Animals( ID INT PRIMARY KEY IDENTITY, Name VARCHAR(50), Species VARCHAR(50) ); The other attributes we've discussed in this series are NOT NULL and UNIQUE. We can make the name NOT NULL and the species NOT NULL. We don't have a good column for UNIQUE, so let's add one: CREATE TABLE Animals( ID INT PRIMARY KEY IDENTITY, Name VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL, Species VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL, ContactEmail VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL UNIUQE ); You can see that it is very easy to add multiple column attributes to a column. Just separate them by spaces. The order does not matter. Also, when you say primary key the column is automatically NOT NULL and UNIQUE. There are other attributes you can use including DEFAULT, FOREIGN KEY, and SPARSE. DEFAULT will give a value for a column if you do not put anything in yourself. Foreign keys are used to reference other columns. SPARSE is an attribute we haven't discussed. You can use SPARSE if most of the rows are going to have a NULL for a column and it saves storage space, but we will worry about that in another video. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 5844 Caleb Curry
Alert log file in Oracle
 
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Check Alert File Location in Oracle ================================================= DB is upp & Running ================== show parameter dump; select value from v$parameter where name='background_dump_dest'; DB is Down ===================================== find / -name alert_newdb.log 2 )/dev/null
Views: 3924 ANKUSH THAVALI
Oracle Database11g tutorials 12 || SQL Concat Function - SQL character manipulation function
 
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Link for SQL concat function: http://www.rebellionrider.com/SQL-concat-function.htm SQL Concat function/SQL concat() function First function of SQL character manipulation function. Two have in depth knowledge of SQL concatenation operator Please watch my video on SQL concatenation Operator http://youtu.be/PYMeFe72Bas Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Link for SQL function introduction Video 10 http://youtu.be/5rx8Q4x4-qI Link SQL concat Article http://www.rebellionrider.com/SQL-concat-function.htm Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SQL Concat () function is a Character manipulation function which is a category of SQL character function. We have already discussed the intro of SQL character function in Video 10. You can find link of this video in description below. Ok let's go ahead. SQL Concat () function concatenates two separate character string into one character string. Let's see the syntax Concat (string_1 , String_2) Note here that SQL Concat function takes only two arguments at a time. This SQL Concat function will return string_1 concatenated with string_2. This also means that it will return a single string which is a combined string of parameter String_1 and String_2. Both the parameters of SQL Concat function String_1 and string_2 can be of any data-type. You can even specify the columns of the table here. SQL Concat function is equivalent to the concatenation operator (||). SQL concatenation operator is represented by double solid vertical bars or we can say double pipe signs. Question: How to concatenate more than two strings as SQL Concat that can have only 2 parameters and what is the difference between SQL Concat Function and SQL concatenation operator? The one answer for the second Question What is the Difference between SQL Concat Function and SQL concatenation operator? Is While SQL Concat function takes only two parameters, The Concat operator can be repeated as often as is necessary. Meaning, by the help of SQL Concat operator you can combine as many strings as you want. And Concatenation operator is also not supported by several databases such as SQL server so this might cause problem. To answer the first question How to concatenate more than two strings as SQL Concat that can have only 2 parameters? We will have to jump over SQL developer. Let's see some examples. Say we want to retrieve the full name of an employee from Employees table. Let's try it using SQL Concat function. SELECT Concat (first_name, last_name) AS "Full Name" FROM employees; Here in this query we use two column names - first_name and last_name as arguments of our Concat function Execute. As you can see here, we get full name of our employee but there is no space in between first name and last name. We will see how to format this string using SQL Concat function in a few seconds But before that, let's see how to do the same task using SQL concatenation operator. SELECT first_name ||last_name AS "Full name" FROM employees; As you can see this query also produces the same result. Now we will see how to format full name of employees First we will do this using SQL concatenation Operator. SELECT first_name||' '||last_name AS "Full name" FROM employees; Now you can see we get space between first name and last name of the employee. Again, let's do it using SQL Concat function. Here we will see the nested function concept where we will be using nested Concat function to achieve this formatted string. SELECT Concat (Concat (first_name, ' '), last_name) FROM employees; Inner Concat function has two parameters. These are our first column name first_name and an empty string which will be a space between first name and second name. This Concat will now return a string which is the first name with space. This returning string will be the first input of our Outer Concat and column last_name will be the second input. All together this will give us the desired output. As you can see this method is complex than the first one where we use SQL concatenation operator.
Views: 80568 Manish Sharma
Oracle Tutorials | Unique, Not Null & check Constraints in Oracle Part- 2 | by Mr.Sudhakar L
 
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Oracle Tutorials | Unique, Not Null & check Constraints in Oracle | by Mr.Sudhakar L #Oracle #Constraints #Tutorials ** For Online Training Registration: https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ► Call: +91-8179191999 ► Visit Our Website for Classroom Training: https://nareshit.in ► For Online Training: https://nareshit.com/ -------------------------- ► About NareshIT: "Naresh IT is having 14+ years of experience in software training industry and the best Software Training Institute for online training, classroom training, weekend training, corporate training of Hadoop, Salesforce, AWS, DevOps, Spark, Data Science, Python, Tableau, RPA ,Java, C#.NET, ASP.NET, Oracle, Testing Tools, Silver light, Linq, SQL Server, Selenium, Android, iPhone, C Language, C++, PHP and Digital Marketing in USA,Hyderabad, Chennai and Vijayawada,Bangalore India which provides online training across all the locations -------------------------- ► Our Online Training Features: 1.Training with Real-Time Experts 2.Industry Specific Scenario’s 3.Flexible Timings 4.Soft Copy of Material 5. Share Videos of each and every session. -------------------------- Please write back to us at [email protected]/[email protected] or Call us at USA: +1404-232-9879 or India: +918179191999 ** Check The Below Links** ► For Course Reg: https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ► Subscribe to Our Channel: https://goo.gl/q9ozyG ► Circle us on G+: https://plus.google.com/NareshIT ► Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NareshIT ► Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/nareshitech ► Follow us on Linkedin: https://in.linkedin.com/company/naresh-i-technologies ► Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/nareshitech/
PL/SQL tutorial 61: Collection Method FIRST & LAST in Oracle Database
 
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------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog: http://bit.ly/col-method-3 Previous Tutorial ► Intro of Collection Method: https://youtu.be/8V40IaOkGcU ► Collection Method COUNT: https://youtu.be/NNq80CcC5K8 ► Collection Method EXIST: https://youtu.be/ksfwNxZl4gI ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page of Manish Sharma___ https://www.facebook.com/TheRebellionRider/ ___Facebook Official Page of RebellionRider.com___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 6818 Manish Sharma
PL/SQL Tutorial | COALESCE Function in Oracle Database
 
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Learn fetching all non-null expression using oracle Coalesce function with example. If all expressions evaluate to null, then the COALESCE function will return null. Coalesce function in Oracle, What is coalesce function, When to use coalesce function, How to use coalesce function in oracle, How to fetch non-null values in oracle using coalesce, Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/aditya-kumar-roy-b3673368/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SpecializeAutomation/
Oracle SQL Tutorial 18 - How to Create Foreign Keys
 
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In this video we are going to be creating foreign keys. I highly recommend watching the previous video before you watch this one. Essentially, we are creating a very simple database for a system where we can create projects and add people to those projects. We started with the users table: --Delete the table if needed: --DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ); Now we are going to create a table for projects with a column that is a foreign key to the username. We're going to want to make this match data types: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) ) Next, we need to add the column attributes we decided on last video: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL ) NOT NULL because we want every project to have a creator, but we are not labeling UNIQUE because that means we could only have a specific username once in the table. We want to allow a user to create multiple projects. We also need to add a primary key: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (username) ) Now, the question that remains is, how can I tell Oracle that I want the username to reference the username column of the other table? We have to make a foreign key constraint. As you've learned from the previous videos, there are about three ways to create constraints. You can do it inline at the column level, unnamed. You can do it at the column level, named, and you can do it at the Table level, named. Usually the table-level is preferred, but I will quickly remind you how to do all three again. CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL REFERENCES users (username), CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id) ) This works, but if we want to name it, we should do this: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk REFERENCES users (username), CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id) ) This works, but the preferred method is to do it at the table level: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id), CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk FOREIGN KEY (creator) REFERENCES users (username) ) Great! So you've learned how to create a foreign key, now we can see it inside of Oracle SQL Developer. One important thing when it comes to foreign keys is what happens when have data in your database and you try to delete the parent row that a row in the child table references? In the next video we are going to configure that using ON DELETE. See you all then and if you enjoy this series, please do me a huge favor by liking the video and subscribing to my YouTube channel. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 25586 Caleb Curry
Oracle PL SQL interview question What is raise application error
 
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Oracle PL SQL interview question What is raise application error Click here to subscribe to my youtube channel http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBt6VrxAIb5jLh9HLDcdwtQ?sub_confirmation=1 Oracle Interview questions and Answers at https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLb1qVSx1k1Vr0v4wVyvT3GEuA0J0M4xBm Oracle 18C New features at https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLb1qVSx1k1Vqe06V1tIBcvnslMPWX69bW Oracle 12C New features at https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLb1qVSx1k1VqM1u2IHWzZIgziqejl6wx- Oracle PLSQL records and collections at https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLb1qVSx1k1VpAFTXopXvAh_D3PLcTntdm
Views: 602 Siva Academy
FIRST_VALUE without nulls
 
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SQL Server doesn't have a built-in way to use the FIRST_VALUE function while ignoring null values. Today we look at a couple of ways to do this through alternate queries, as well as discuss the importance of performance tuning your queries. Subscribe and turn on notifications to never miss a weekly video: https://www.youtube.com/c/bertwagner?sub_confirmation=1 Related blog post with full example code goodness: https://bertwagner.com/2018/08/28/ignoring-nulls-with-first-value/ Follow me on Twitter: https://twitter.com/bertwagner
Views: 260 Bert Wagner
Oracle SQL Tutorial 13 - How to Add Column Constraints (Attributes)
 
05:55
So far, we have this table declaration: CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR(50 CHAR) first_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), last_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) ) We can run this command see that it works. As we are learning though, we are going to want to be able to recreate our table with different settings and such, but if you try to run this command, it will complain that the table already exists. So we first need to delete this table before we start editing settings. When we get more experienced, we will learn about ways to edit the structure of a table that already exists. To fix this, we can get rid of the table using the DROP TABLE command: DROP TABLE users You can run this every time if you need to practice by adding a semicolon after it. This is how you can tell Oracle that you are putting in another command after it. This is known as a delimiter. When you run the script, it is going to run both commands. Now we can go through and reconsider our table structure. This is fine for starting out because we don't have any important data in our database, but once your database is in production you are not going to want to just drop tables. In the last video we discussed different constraints that you can apply to columns in a database table, but how do you actually apply these when you are creating a table? The first way you define constraints is to put them right after the column in your CREATE TABLE statement. CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL ) When we define constraints this way, we usually say we are adding column attributes. If you have two constraints you want to add, you just put one after the other with spaces in between. There is no particular order that is required. CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE ) In this situation we have already given the column the NOT NULL and UNIQUE attributes, so we should consider making this a primary key: CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) PRIMARY KEY ) As you can see, adding column attributes is super easy. We can add a default like this: CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) PRIMARY KEY, account_balance NUMBER DEFAULT 0 ) Note that now we need the comma after the first row. There are a few constraints we did not talk go through an example, specifically foreign keys and check constraints. We will be adding these constraints to our database in future videos. In the mean time, I have a thought for you… Many people prefer to name their column constraints. That way, we can refer to certain constraints by name. For example, we might have a primary key constraint that could be named users_pk. The way we are creating these constraints does not allow for this feature, so in the next video we are going to be discussing different ways to create constraints. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 23769 Caleb Curry
Oracle SQL Tutorial 21 - How to Create / Drop Indexes
 
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In the last video, we wrote up the SQL to create three tables: CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ); CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, Project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id), CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk FOREIGN KEY (creator) REFERENCES users (username) ON DELETE CASCADE ); CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES projects (project_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, user_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES users (user_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, CONSTRAINT project_users_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id, user_id) ); I'm going to increase the size of the users table a bit by adding a first and last name column. CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, first_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), last_name VARCHAR2 (50 CHAR), CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ); But before we finish this design, we should consider indexing certain columns. What columns should we index? Well, as a reminder, the columns that are indexed by default are columns with the UNIQUE constraint, and those that are labeled as primary keys. Columns that are not indexed but often should be are those labeled as a foreign key. The column that jumps out the most to me is the creator column of the project table. It's the only foreign key that is not part of some index. Let's fix this by creating our first index. The way we do that is with the CREATE INDEX command. CREATE INDEX projects_creator_ix ON projects (creator) What naming convention are we following for the index? We are naming it by the table name, followed by an underscore, followed by the column, followed by an underscore, followed by an ix (for index). In this situation it does not apply, but if our foreign key column is labeled as UNIQUE, we can add the UNIQUE keyword like this: CREATE UNIQUE INDEX projects_creator_ix ON projects (creator) Now if you want to get rid of an INDEX, you can use this command: DROP INDEX projects_creator_ix Now, if we want to select data from the user table and the project table we can do that much faster. That's because the foreign key and column it references are both indexed and those are the columns we would do the join on. We will discuss how to do joins in a future video. So what are some potential problems with this database design? Overall, it is pretty good. With this design though we need to make sure there is no way for someone to update a user's username. In the next video we are going to discuss why. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 9785 Caleb Curry
INSTR in Oracle | INSTRING in Oracle | Character Manipulation | Oracle Tutorial for Beginners
 
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INSTR in Oracle | INSTRING in Oracle | Character Manipulation | Oracle Tutorial for Beginners INSTR function in Oracle INSTR function in Oracle SQL INSTR in oracle with example INSTR examples INSTR in Oracle INSTRING in Oracle Character Manipulation Oracle Tutorial for Beginners INSTR in Oracle INSTR in Oracle INSTR in oracle with example INSTRING in Oracle Oracle Tutorial for Beginners INSTR in oracle with example Oracle Database tutorials for Beginners INSTR INSTR INSTR in oracle with example regexp_substr in oracle regexp_instr in oracle oracle INSTRING before character instr in oracle oracle INSTRING right oracle length oracle sql INSTRING after character oracle string functions Character Manipulation INSTR and instr together in oracle instr in oracle examples combination of SUBSTR and instr in sql instr example oracle instr last occurrence how to use substr and INSTR together in oracle instr in sql w3schools oracle sql INSTRING after character
Views: 547 Oracle PL/SQL World
Part 4   Delete duplicate rows in sql
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/part-4-delete-duplicate-rows-in-sql.html In this video, we will discuss deleting all duplicate rows except one from a sql server table. SQL Script to create Employees table Create table Employees ( ID int, FirstName nvarchar(50), LastName nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(50), Salary int ) GO Insert into Employees values (1, 'Mark', 'Hastings', 'Male', 60000) Insert into Employees values (1, 'Mark', 'Hastings', 'Male', 60000) Insert into Employees values (1, 'Mark', 'Hastings', 'Male', 60000) Insert into Employees values (2, 'Mary', 'Lambeth', 'Female', 30000) Insert into Employees values (2, 'Mary', 'Lambeth', 'Female', 30000) Insert into Employees values (3, 'Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) Insert into Employees values (3, 'Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) Insert into Employees values (3, 'Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) The delete query should delete all duplicate rows except one. Here is the SQL query that does the job. PARTITION BY divides the query result set into partitions. WITH EmployeesCTE AS ( SELECT *, ROW_NUMBER()OVER(PARTITION BY ID ORDER BY ID) AS RowNumber FROM Employees ) DELETE FROM EmployeesCTE WHERE RowNumber ] 1
Views: 357768 kudvenkat
Foreign Key | Database Management System
 
06:29
To ask your doubts on this topic and much more, click on this Direct Link: http://www.techtud.com/video-lecture/lecture-foreign-key IMPORTANT LINKS: 1) Official Website: http://www.techtud.com/ 2) Virtual GATE: http://virtualgate.in/login/index.php Both of the above mentioned platforms are COMPLETELY FREE, so feel free to Explore, Learn, Practice & Share! Our Social Media Links: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/techtuduniversity Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/virtualgate Google+ Page: https://plus.google.com/+techtud/posts Last but not the least, SUBSCRIBE our YouTube channel to stay updated about the regularly uploaded new videos.
Views: 277466 Techtud
SQL: LEAD Function
 
06:30
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of lead function in oracle sql PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 2237 radhikaravikumar
Self join in sql server - Part 14
 
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In this video we will learn about 1. Self Join - Joining a table with itself 2. Self Join is not a different type of join. It can be classified as Inner Self Join, Outer Self Join (Left, Right and Full), or Cross Self Join. Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2012/08/self-join-in-sql-server-part-14.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/08/part-14-self-join.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 360544 kudvenkat
Part 2   SQL query to get organization hierarchy
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/part-2-sql-query-to-get-organization.html To get the best out of this video, the following concepts need to be understood first. These are already discussed in SQL Server Tutorial. 1. Self-Join - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qnYSN_7qwgg 2. CTE - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZXB5b-7HJHk 3. Recursive CTE - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GGoV0wTMCg0 Here is the problem definition: 1. Employees table contains the following columns a) EmployeeId, b) EmployeeName c) ManagerId 2. If an EmployeeId is passed, the query should list down the entire organization hierarchy i.e who is the manager of the EmployeeId passed and who is managers manager and so on till full hierarchy is listed. For example, Scenario 1: If we pass David's EmployeeId to the query, then it should display the organization hierarchy starting from David. Scenario 2: If we pass Lara's EmployeeId to the query, then it should display the organization hierarchy starting from Lara. We will be Employees table for this demo. SQL to create and populate Employees table with test data Create table Employees ( EmployeeID int primary key identity, EmployeeName nvarchar(50), ManagerID int foreign key references Employees(EmployeeID) ) GO Insert into Employees values ('John', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Mark', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Steve', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Tom', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Lara', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Simon', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('David', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Ben', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Stacy', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Sam', NULL) GO Update Employees Set ManagerID = 8 Where EmployeeName IN ('Mark', 'Steve', 'Lara') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 2 Where EmployeeName IN ('Stacy', 'Simon') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 3 Where EmployeeName IN ('Tom') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 5 Where EmployeeName IN ('John', 'Sam') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 4 Where EmployeeName IN ('David') GO Here is the SQL that does the job Declare @ID int ; Set @ID = 7; WITH EmployeeCTE AS ( Select EmployeeId, EmployeeName, ManagerID From Employees Where EmployeeId = @ID UNION ALL Select Employees.EmployeeId , Employees.EmployeeName, Employees.ManagerID From Employees JOIN EmployeeCTE ON Employees.EmployeeId = EmployeeCTE.ManagerID ) Select E1.EmployeeName, ISNULL(E2.EmployeeName, 'No Boss') as ManagerName From EmployeeCTE E1 LEFT Join EmployeeCTE E2 ON E1.ManagerID = E2.EmployeeId
Views: 299589 kudvenkat
DOTA 2-- Top 300 Game-- Mid Phoenix versus last pick Huskar
 
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Huskar is iannihilate. I know i didnt stand a chance mid, but thought we turned out okay. Enjoy Twitter- https://twitter.com/RobotViceDota Twitch- https://www.twitch.tv/robotvicedota
Views: 1113 RobotVice
Oracle SQL Tutorial 10 - Whitespace, Case Sensitivity, and Comments
 
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SELECT "Hello World" FROM DUAL The first thing you should know about writing queries is that this SQL is not whitespace sensitive. That means we can space this out however we wish. The only requirement is that you do not separate keywords out with spaces. They must be as one entity. Another gotcha is that when you are inside of quotes, whitespace becomes very important. That means if inside of a string you put a character and then 10 spaces, every single one of those spaces is going to part of that string: SELECT "Hello World" FROM DUAL The next thing you should notice is the capitalization. When we type SQL, by convention we capitalize all keywords. I personally really like this because you can easily see the difference between keywords and words that we created or use. But obviously we could capitalize the letters in the quotes. Keep in mind that this is a convention, meaning you do not have to follow this. Oracle is also case insensitive in that SELECT and select both do the same thing. Strings, once again, care about casing. Take this, for example: SELECT 'true' FROM DUALWHERE 'Hello' = 'Hello' And compare the results to this: SELECT 'true' FROM DUALWHERE 'Hello' = 'hello' Only the first one outputs the value true. Once we get into creating database objects such as tables with columns, those are not case sensitive either. That means instead of selecting from DUAL, you can select from DuAl Finally, I shall introduce you to comments. Comments allow you to tell the database engine that you want it to ignore a certain part of your code and not execute it. This is helpful if you want to document your code. It is also useful if you want to have multiple SQL statements open in one tab, but don't want to hover over the one you want to execute. You can comment out the ones you are not using and uncomment them when you are done. Using – will comment out the rest of the line, Using /* */ will comment everything between. This can even be used over multiple lines. But now, let's move onto the important stuff… CREATING TABLES!!!!! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 18632 Caleb Curry
Part 8   SQL Query to find department with highest number of employees
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/06/part-8-sql-query-to-find-department.html Scenario asked in the SQL Server Interview Based on the above two tables write a SQL Query to get the name of the Department that has got the maximum number of Employees. To answer this question it will be helpful if you the knowledge of JOINS & GROUP BY in SQL Server. We discusses these in Parts 11 & 12 of SQL Server Tutorial video series. SQL query that retrieves the department name with maximum number of employees SELECT TOP 1 DepartmentName FROM Employees JOIN Departments ON Employees.DepartmentID = Departments.DepartmentID GROUP BY DepartmentName ORDER BY COUNT(*) DESC Scenario asked in the SQL Server Interview Based on the above two tables write a SQL Query to get the name of the Department that has got the maximum number of Employees. To answer this question it will be helpful if you the knowledge of JOINS & GROUP BY in SQL Server. We discusses these in Parts 11 & 12 of SQL Server Tutorial video series. SQL query that retrieves the department name with maximum number of employees SELECT TOP 1 DepartmentName FROM Employees JOIN Departments ON Employees.DepartmentID = Departments.DepartmentID GROUP BY DepartmentName ORDER BY COUNT(*) DESC
Views: 128885 kudvenkat
SQL Aggregation queries using Group By, Sum, Count and Having
 
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From SQL Queries Joes 2 Pros (Vol2) ch4.1. Learn up to write aggregated queries.
Views: 182197 Joes2Pros SQL Trainings
Managing JSON Documents Natively with Oracle Database
 
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JSON as a data exchange format has become more and more popular over the last years. With Oracle 12c you can now handle JSON documents natively within the Database. We will show you what JSON looks like, how you can store it using Oracle’s open source collection API and how to leverage the power of SQL over those documents.
Views: 1057 Database Community
Part 6   Transform rows into columns in sql server
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/06/part-6-transform-rows-into-columns-in.html This is another common sql server interview question. We will be using Countries table in this example. SQL to create the table Create Table Countries ( Country nvarchar(50), City nvarchar(50) ) GO Insert into Countries values ('USA','New York') Insert into Countries values ('USA','Houston') Insert into Countries values ('USA','Dallas') Insert into Countries values ('India','Hyderabad') Insert into Countries values ('India','Bangalore') Insert into Countries values ('India','New Delhi') Insert into Countries values ('UK','London') Insert into Countries values ('UK','Birmingham') Insert into Countries values ('UK','Manchester') Here is the interview question. Write a sql query to transpose rows to columns. Using PIVOT operator we can very easily transform rows to columns. Select Country, City1, City2, City3 From ( Select Country, City, 'City'+ cast(row_number() over(partition by Country order by Country) as varchar(10)) ColumnSequence from Countries ) Temp pivot ( max(City) for ColumnSequence in (City1, City2, City3) ) Piv
Views: 204071 kudvenkat
WMB Tutorials | Connecting to Database using WMB or IIB
 
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This video explains how to connect to oracle database using WMB (WebSphere Message Broker) or IIB (IBM Integration Bus). In last video we saw how to configure database on WebSphere message broker or IBM integration bus. In this video we will go forward and write actual code to connect to oracle database to fetch data. We will be sending request with username in it and then based on username we will fetch that users data from oracle database. Service URL http://localhost:7080/services/getUserDetails Request { "username":"user1" } Response { "person_id": 1, "given_name": "Dave", "family_name": "Badger", "title": "Mr", "birth_date": "1960-05-01 00:00:00", "username": "user1" } Dummy Data for Connecting to Database using WMB or IIB Demo CREATE TABLE people ( person_id INTEGER NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY, user_name VARCHAR2(100) NOT NULL, given_name VARCHAR2(100) NOT NULL, family_name VARCHAR2(100) NOT NULL, title VARCHAR2(20), birth_date DATE ); INSERT INTO people VALUES (1, 'user1','Dave', 'Badger', 'Mr', date'1960-05-01'); commit; SELECT * FROM people;
Views: 2057 ProjectsGeek
SQL: Lag
 
04:40
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of lag function in oracle sql PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 2380 radhikaravikumar
oracle plsql records and collections NESTED Table
 
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oracle plsql records and collections NESTED Table Click here to subscribe to my youtube channel http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBt6VrxAIb5jLh9HLDcdwtQ?sub_confirmation=1 Oracle Interview questions and Answers at https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLb1qVSx1k1Vr0v4wVyvT3GEuA0J0M4xBm Oracle 18C New features at https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLb1qVSx1k1Vqe06V1tIBcvnslMPWX69bW Oracle 12C New features at https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLb1qVSx1k1VqM1u2IHWzZIgziqejl6wx- Oracle PLSQL records and collections at https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLb1qVSx1k1VpAFTXopXvAh_D3PLcTntdm
Views: 387 Siva Academy
PL/SQL tutorial 66: PL/SQL Collection Method TRIM in Oracle Database
 
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RebellionRider.com presents you the last tutorial in PL/SQL Collection Series. In this tutorial, you will learn how to use Collection Procedure TRIM with the Nested table. Facebook Video: https://www.facebook.com/TheRebellionRider/videos/371155336621176/ ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog: http://bit.ly/col-method-trim Previous Tutorial ► PL/SQL Tut 51 Nested Table https://youtu.be/EUYyiFCzU0I ► PL/SQL FOR Loop https://youtu.be/DfAmnj2j7WI ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page of Manish Sharma___ https://www.facebook.com/TheRebellionRider/ ___Facebook Official Page of RebellionRider.com___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 5492 Manish Sharma
SQL Server 17 - ON DELETE and ON UPDATE
 
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Now, what happens when you have successfully created a reference, and now you try deleting the parent? This is where the ON DELETE clause comes in. This is essentially how we configure how strict a foreign key is. There are 4 options you can give for an ON DELETE: Standard SQL Server NO ACTION Yes (Default) CASCADE Yes SET NULL Yes SET DEFAULT Yes Now the default is NO ACTION. This means that when you try to delete a parent row, SQL Server is going to throw an error and not let you. Cascade means that if you delete the parent row, any rows that reference that parent will also be deleted. This is pretty dangerous and not often recommended. SET NULL will set the foreign key to be NULL. Now obviously, this is going to require that the foreign key is not labelled NOT NULL. Finally, set DEFAULT will change the reference to the child row to some default value. We have not discussed defaults, but a column can have a default value. For example, we could make a deleted user in our Users table, and set the default for the foreign key to be the deleted user, and when any other users are deleted it will default to the deleted user UserId. In addition to the ON DELETE clause, there is the ON UPDATE clause. This one is a little less common because it configures what happens when a parent value changes. Obviously, when you are referencing a primary key, the ON UPDATE clause is nearly useless. That's because the primary key value is never supposed to change. If, on the other hand, we have a foreign key referencing a UNIQUE column that is not a primary key, it may change occasionally. So the only times you have to worry about the ON UPDATE clause is with foreign keys referencing UNIQUE columns that are not a primary key, and when you have natural keys that break the rules and actually do change at some point in time. The ON UPDATE clause has the same options as the ON DELETE clause and they all work the same way. Now, the last thing you need to know about foreign keys is that they must match the data type of the column you are referencing. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 6257 Caleb Curry
SQL tutorial 19: ON DELETE SET NULL clause of Foreign Key By Manish Sharma (RebellionRider)
 
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SQL Tutorial 19 : ON DELETE SET NULL foreign key Clause. Links used in the tutorial On delete set null website article [ download SQL script from same link] : http://www.rebellionrider.com/on-delete-set-null.htm Foreign Key Tutorial Video : http://youtu.be/0nbkBI5r3Gw Foreign Key Tutorial Blog : http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-foreign-key.htm This video is the part of foreign key video In this sql tutorial you will learn the referential clause ON DELETE SET NULL of foreign key. On Delete Set null clause guarantee the relation integrity in foreign key/ Tool used in this tutorial is SQL Developer. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com
Views: 49667 Manish Sharma
38. Date Functions - Add_Months, Last_Day, Months_Between, Next_Day, To_Date, New_Time in Oracle
 
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In this video you will learn about Date Functions { Add_Months(), Last_Day(), Months_Between(), Next_Day(), To_Date(), New_Time() } in Oracle. Unlike other programming language Oracle also uses functions to perform common operations. For Support =========== Email: [email protected] Contact Form: http://www.learninhindi.com/home/contact Our Social Media ================ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LearnInHindi Twitter: https://twitter.com/LearnInHindi For Training & Videos ===================== For more videos and articles visit: http://www.learninhindi.com Free Java Programming In Hindi Course ===================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAwwhMyoLISrxkXTADGp7PH Free Oracle PL/SQL Programming In Hindi Course ============================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLB5DA82419C2D99B6 Free C Programming In Hindi Course ================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAxKpBLMWogxSdy6BZcsAJq Trips & Tricks Channel ====================== https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGmLfkuCo-3lHHJXRJ9HUMw Programming in Hindi Channel ============================ https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCudElIDgwNrybeAvXIy1HZQ
Views: 20247 ITORIAN
Query without using Like operator find strings?
 
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Hello guys in this video i explain how to find all employee who have a last character is 'N' without using like operator. Oracle database Unbeatable,Unbreakable Platform..
Views: 2322 Oracle World
10 MySQL Tutorial for Beginners: The ORDER BY Clause
 
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The ORDER BY clause specifies the sort order for the rows in a result set. To sort by more than one column, you simply list the names in the ORDER BY clause separated by commas. You can sort by any column in the base table regardless of whether it's included in the SELECT clause. This can be referred to as a nested sort because one sort is nested within another. The ORDER BY clause can include a column alias that's specified in the SELECT clause (if the column alias does not include spaces). The ORDER BY clause can include any valid expression. This expression can refer to any column in the base table, even if it isn't included in the result set. In an ORDER BY clause you can use column numbers to specify a sort order. To use this technique, you code the number that corresponds to the column of the result set, where 1 is the first column, 2 is the second column, and so on. By default, in an ascending sort, special characters appear first in the sort sequence, followed by numbers, then letters. NULL values appear first in the sort sequence. In a descending sort, letters appear first in the sort sequence, followed by numbers, then special characters. NULL values appear last in the sort sequence. EXERCISES for your SELF-TRAINING: http://golearnfast.com/Quizzes.php?_SelectSmallerGroup_287=0&Lessons_ID=287 SCRIPT FOR THE EXAMPLES: http://www.golearnfast.com/files/lessons_material/lesson_277_1440544998.sql SUBSCRIBE! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMEaGDoHU7c9tWyafZ9vC6Q?sub_confirmation=1 FACEBOOK https://www.facebook.com/golearnfast GOOGLE+ https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/101326338689489366802/
Views: 2225 golearnfast
Merge Statement in Oracle SQL with Example (UPDATE/DELETE or INSERT)
 
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This video demonstrates how to write a Merge Statement in oracle sql, how it is useful in doing a conditional update or delete or both of them when the condition between the target table and source table is evaluated to true, and how we can insert the record into the target table when condition is evaluated to false. The video also shows the use of UPDATE, DELETE and INSERT with Merge, and also the various possible ways to use a Merge statement!!!
Views: 10060 Kishan Mashru
Lead and Lag functions in SQL Server 2012
 
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In this video we will discuss about Lead and Lag functions. Lead and Lag functions Introduced in SQL Server 2012 Lead function is used to access subsequent row data along with current row data Lag function is used to access previous row data along with current row data ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional Syntax LEAD(Column_Name, Offset, Default_Value) OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) LAG(Column_Name, Offset, Default_Value) OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) Offset - Number of rows to lead or lag. Default_Value - The default value to return if the number of rows to lead or lag goes beyond first row or last row in a table or partition. If default value is not specified NULL is returned. We will use the following Employees table for the examples in this video SQL Script to create the Employees table Create Table Employees ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10), Salary int ) Go Insert Into Employees Values (1, 'Mark', 'Male', 1000) Insert Into Employees Values (2, 'John', 'Male', 2000) Insert Into Employees Values (3, 'Pam', 'Female', 3000) Insert Into Employees Values (4, 'Sara', 'Female', 4000) Insert Into Employees Values (5, 'Todd', 'Male', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (6, 'Mary', 'Female', 6000) Insert Into Employees Values (7, 'Ben', 'Male', 7000) Insert Into Employees Values (8, 'Jodi', 'Female', 8000) Insert Into Employees Values (9, 'Tom', 'Male', 9000) Insert Into Employees Values (10, 'Ron', 'Male', 9500) Go Lead and Lag functions example WITHOUT partitions : This example Leads 2 rows and Lags 1 row from the current row. When you are on the first row, LEAD(Salary, 2, -1) allows you to move forward 2 rows and retrieve the salary from the 3rd row. When you are on the first row, LAG(Salary, 1, -1) allows us to move backward 1 row. Since there no rows beyond row 1, Lag function in this case returns the default value -1. When you are on the last row, LEAD(Salary, 2, -1) allows you to move forward 2 rows. Since there no rows beyond the last row 1, Lead function in this case returns the default value -1. When you are on the last row, LAG(Salary, 1, -1) allows us to move backward 1 row and retrieve the salary from the previous row. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LEAD(Salary, 2, -1) OVER (ORDER BY Salary) AS Lead_2, LAG(Salary, 1, -1) OVER (ORDER BY Salary) AS Lag_1 FROM Employees Lead and Lag functions example WITH partitions : Notice that in this example, Lead and Lag functions return default value if the number of rows to lead or lag goes beyond first row or last row in the partition. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LEAD(Salary, 2, -1) OVER (PARTITION By Gender ORDER BY Salary) AS Lead_2, LAG(Salary, 1, -1) OVER (PARTITION By Gender ORDER BY Salary) AS Lag_1 FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/lead-and-lag-functions-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/lead-and-lag-functions-in-sql-server_5.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 53719 kudvenkat
Part 12   Can we join two tables without primary foreign key relation
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/09/part-12-can-we-join-two-tables-without.html Can we join two tables without primary foreign key relation Yes, we can join two tables without primary foreign key relation as long as the column values involved in the join can be converted to one type. ID column in Departments table is not the primary Key and DepartmentId column in Employees table is not the foreign key. But we can still join these tables using ID column from Departments table and DepartmentId column from Employees table, as both the columns involved in the join have same data type i.e int. Select Employees.Name as EmployeeName, Departments.Name as DepartmentName from Employees join Departments on Departments.ID = Employees.DepartmentId The obious next question is, if primary foreign key relation is not mandatory for 2 tables to be joined then what is the use of these keys? Primary key enforces uniqueness of values over one or more columns. Since ID is not a primary key in Departments table, 2 or more departments may end up having same ID value, which makes it impossible to distinguish between them based on the ID column value. Foreign key enforces referential integrity. Without foreign key constraint on DepartmentId column in Employees table, it is possible to insert a row into Employees table with a value for DepartmentId column that does not exist in Departments table. The following insert statement, successfully inserts a new Employee into Employees table whose DepartmentId is 100. But we don't have a department with ID = 100 in Departments table. This means this employee row is an orphan row, and the referential integrity is lost as result Insert into Employees values (8, 'Mary', 'Female', 80000, 100) If we have had a foreign key constraint on DepartmentId column in Employees table, the following insert statement would have failed with the following error. Msg 547, Level 16, State 0, Line 1 The INSERT statement conflicted with the FOREIGN KEY constraint. The conflict occurred in database "Sample", table "dbo.Departments", column 'ID'.
Views: 123343 kudvenkat
Oracle REPLACE Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-replace/ The Oracle REPLACE function is a string manipulation function that allows you to replace one text string with another. It can be a whole word or sentence, or even a single value. The syntax of the REPLACE function is: REPLACE ( whole_string, string_to_replace, [replacement_string]) To use this function, the parameters are: - whole_string (mandatory): This is the string that will be checked for the characters to be replaced. - string_to_replace (mandatory): This is the string that will be searched for within whole_string. - replacement_string (optional): This is the string that will be used to replace occurrences of string_to_replace. Because the last parameter is optional, if it is not specified, then the Oracle REPLACE function removes all occurrences of string_to_replace. You can replace carriage returns with REPLACE, but you’ll need to use the CHR function. You can replace NULL values in Oracle, but this is best done with another function such as NVL, rather than REPLACE. If you want to replace multiple characters, you can do this using nested REPLACE functions or a REGEXP_REPLACE function. For more information about the Oracle REPLACE function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-replace/
Views: 1262 Database Star

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