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5 Common Law v. Civil Law |  Introductory Course to Law
 
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In this video, we will look at the differences between two legal systems, the Common law system, and the civil law system. You will study this in law school, but I am giving you a synopsis here because I believe that it helps you understand many things important to lawyers. To understand how the common law and civil law traditions are different, we must first ask, how is law made and who makes the law? This video helps us find answers to many questions, including why we (India) refer to judgements for the law, if under the separation of powers doctrine, the legislator or Parliament makes the laws. So why do we (India) give judges this unique power? The answer lies in the method in which the Common Law system works. Under the Common Law system, which is followed in many countries in the world, there is a recognition of the concept of judge-made law. In this legal tradition, although the Parliament or legislator makes the laws, the judges in courts are given a power to make laws as well, and the judgements of the courts become binding laws of the land. common law is based on the concept of judicial precedent, which basically means that the judgement in the previous case is binding law and the subsequent judge refers to it as a binding law. It doesn't mean that the whole judgement is binding law. Only that part of the judgement which relates to the application and interpretation of the legal principles to the facts, becomes binding law in the field, and this part of the judgement is called the Ratio Decidendi (or simply ratio), or the rationale or logic underlying the interpretation. For instance, in a case related to the validity of a Hindu marriage in a case where the groom was 20 years of age, the judge can hold that under S 5 of the Hindu Marriage Act, a valid marriage requires the groom to be above 21 years of age and since the groom was under 21 years of age, the marriage is not valid. What effectively happens when this judgement is passed is that when another case of similar facts, where a man under 21 years of age marries, this case will be cited by another judge to hold that the marriage this not valid. This can be contrasted with other parts of the judgement called the Obiter Dicta, or simply obiter. Judges might make many comments in the judgement which are not related to the application or the interpretation of the law. For instance, maybe the judge in the earlier case makes comments on marriage, something like, there is an increasing trend of people getting married at an early age, youngsters are falling in love and eloping because they are influenced by western culture, the government must ban Hollywood movies and English TV shows and government must increase their budget on education so that youngsters are guided in the right path. These are are personal comments of the judge which can be distinguished from the actual application and interpretation of the law to arrive at the judgement, and these lines are called obiter. And you can see that western shows being banned and government spending on education being increased are not going to be binding law, because they are merely obiter and not the ratio of the judgement. But why does this case law method work? You might find it very logical. A fundamental principle in the working of law is that law must be known, and it must be certain. It must be enforced in the same way against all people, in all situations. Let's take the earlier example of a Hindu marriage where the groom is 20 years of age. What if one judge in one case holds it to be an invalid marriage, and later, a different judge, or even the same judge holds a similar marriage to be valid? Don't you think there will be a lot of confusion and chaos when people do not know what is legal and illegal? People would not know what they are allowed to do and what they are not allowed to do. The case law system is essentially a check against this, and this is based on the doctrine of stare decisis, which means "let the earlier decision prevail and don't change it"- where you are asking the judges to respect what has already been held and continue with the same kind of judgements, so that people would know what the law is, and how it will be interpreted by the courts, so they can better regulate their behaviour. Sometimes of course some judges might not want to agree with a previous case, in that the judge can overturn the previous judgement through their new judgement, but they cannot ignore a previous judgement and pass their own judgement. They must acknowledge the previous judgement, and state the reasons for disagreement, and then state that so and so case is being overturned.
Views: 6214 Law School 101
Legal System Basics: Crash Course Government and Politics #18
 
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This week Craig Benzine takes a first look at the judicial branch. It's pretty easy to forget that the courts, and the laws that come out of them, affect our lives on a daily basis. But how exactly these decisions are made and where each law's jurisdiction starts and ends can get pretty complicated. So complicated in fact that you may want to smash something. But don't worry, Craig will clear the way. Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Support is provided by Voqal: http://www.voqal.org All Flickr.com images are licensed under Creative Commons by Attribution 2.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/legalcode -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 596179 CrashCourse
Roman Law and the Origins of the Civil Law Tradition  long clips
 
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BOOK REVIEW ROMAN LAW AND THE ORIGINS OF THE CIVIL LAW TRADITION By George Mousourakis SPRINGER PUBLISHING ISBN: 978 3 31912 267 0 www.springer.com CLEAR AND ACCESSIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE INFLUENCE OF ROMAN LAW ON CONTEMPORARY LEGAL SYSTEMS An appreciation by Phillip Taylor MBE and Elizabeth Taylor of Richmond Green Chambers For Scottish advocates (as opposed to English barristers or solicitors) Roman law holds less mystery and somewhat more significance than it does for their fellow professionals in England and Wales and other common law jurisdictions. The reasons why are numerous, varied and often complicated, but certainly understandable and in fact, clearly revealed in this brilliant book from Springer Publishing by George Mousourakis who hails from the University of Auckland, New Zealand. Apart from having to understand a few Latin terms, many of which are fast becoming obsolete, most lawyers, as well as law students have had little more than a passing acquaintanceship either with Latin, or with Roman history. However, on the principle that what has been done in the past invariably impacts on the present, just about anyone interested in the law will be interested in this book. It is about as clear a presentation as you are likely to get of how Roman law, directly or indirectly, has spread its influence through the civil law tradition and to a lesser extent, has had some bearing on the development of the Common Law. In the words of the author, the book is designed to offer students and general readers ‘an accessible and comprehensive introduction to the subject by combining the perspectives of legal history with those of political constitutional and social history.’ Readers are thus given a comprehensive overview not only of the history, but the fundamental principles and the major institutions of Roman law. ‘Roman law,’ says the author ‘deserves to be studied not merely as an important part of the intellectual background of civil legal systems, but also as an essential part of the history of civilization.’ He has therefore undertaken a prodigious amount of research at some of the best known academic institutions for legal study worldwide, including the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History in Frankfurt and the Max Planck Institute for Comparative and Private Law in Hamburg. Succinctly, yet in pertinent detail, he explains how Roman law evolved over a time span of eleven centuries – and how it came to be ‘the first catalyst in the evolution of the civil law tradition’. The book covers the historical and constitutional context of Roman law and its sources before examining private law, (including persons, property and succession) plus criminal law, the court system and the criminal justice process. In the final three chapters, the means by which Roman law provided the basis for contemporary civil law systems is explained. This section contains commentary on the influence (but not the reception) of Roman law in Britain, with a brief note on why Roman law is more closely linked to the Scottish legal system than that of England and Wales. It is worth pointing out that most books on classical history do not often focus specifically on Roman law. This one does -- and is therefore a welcome addition to the scholarship on the classical period. It will undoubtedly come to be regarded as an important acquisition for the well-stocked law library for lawyers and students alike. The publication date is cited as at 2015.
Views: 2941 Phillip Taylor
Principles of European Law Mandate Contracts
 
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BOOK REVIEW PRINCIPLES OF EUROPEAN LAW Study Group on a European Civil Code MANDATE CONTRACTS (PEL MC) Prepared by Marco B M Loos and Odavia Bueno Diaz ISBN: 978 0 19 956829 1 OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS www.oup.co.uk FURTHER RESEARCH INTO THE HARMONISATION OF EUROPEAN LAW: A PAN-EUROPEAN INITIATIVE An appreciation by Phillip Taylor MBE and Elizabeth Taylor of Richmond Green Chambers This book presents in detail and at length the results of a massive pan-European research initiative on mandate contracts (in which an agent is authorized to act) conducted by the Study Group on a European Civil Code. The overall aim in view was to advance the process of Europeanisation of private law. As explained in the Foreword, the Study Group has striven to draw up "sound and fitting" principles with a view to developing proposals and concepts for the further development of private law in Europe. The long term objective of this study in comparative law, we gather, is to achieve what might be called further and better understanding of the possible feasibility of harmonizing European law in the area of -- in this case -- mandate contracts. Whether such harmonization is desirable or not is not for the researchers to decide, say the editors. Rather, it is a matter for political decision making. But the fact that this research has been undertaken and has now been made available means that, for the most part, such decision making in the future will almost certainly be more plausible and informed. What the project has sought to do is to identify areas of common ground within European legal systems -- or -- to adopt a majority position in areas where common ground is missing. The contributors to this project -- which is truly vast -- hail from literally dozens of top universities and research institutions Europe-wide, from Scandinavia to eastern, southern and of course, western Europe, including the UK which has contributed research form, for example, Oxford, Edinburgh and Sheffield Universities. The research is grouped into some seven chapters which cover such areas as the scope and definition of the mandate contract... the obligations of the principal... performance by the agent... issues regarding changes and conflicts of interest... and grounds for termination. 'National Notes' which compare rules and principles across a wide range of European countries are interspersed throughout. As you would expect, the book is an excellent source of research material, including an extensive table of cases and numerous reading lists. Published by the Oxford University Press, this is a distinguished work of scholarly legal research which aims for complete objectivity and political neutrality. Academic lawyers, as well as practitioners specialising in cross-border or pan-European matters will welcome its publication. The publication date of this new edition is cited as at 2013
Views: 168 Phillip Taylor
Roman Law and the Origins of the Civil Law Tradition
 
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BOOK REVIEW ROMAN LAW AND THE ORIGINS OF THE CIVIL LAW TRADITION By George Mousourakis SPRINGER ISBN: 978 3 31912 267 0 www.springer.com CLEAR AND ACCESSIBLE COMMENTARY ON THE INFLUENCE OF ROMAN LAW ON CONTEMPORARY LEGAL SYSTEMS An appreciation by Phillip Taylor MBE and Elizabeth Taylor of Richmond Green Chambers For Scottish advocates (as opposed to English barristers or solicitors) Roman law holds less mystery and somewhat more significance than it does for their fellow professionals in England and Wales and other common law jurisdictions. The reasons why are numerous, varied and often complicated, but certainly understandable and in fact, clearly revealed in this brilliant book from Springer Publishing by George Mousourakis who hails from the University of Auckland, New Zealand. Apart from having to understand a few Latin terms, many of which are fast becoming obsolete, most lawyers, as well as law students have had little more than a passing acquaintanceship either with Latin, or with Roman history. However, on the principle that what has been done in the past invariably impacts on the present, just about anyone interested in the law will be interested in this book. It is about as clear a presentation as you are likely to get of how Roman law, directly or indirectly, has spread its influence through the civil law tradition and to a lesser extent, has had some bearing on the development of the Common Law. In the words of the author, the book is designed to offer students and general readers ‘an accessible and comprehensive introduction to the subject by combining the perspectives of legal history with those of political constitutional and social history.’ Readers are thus given a comprehensive overview not only of the history, but the fundamental principles and the major institutions of Roman law. ‘Roman law,’ says the author ‘deserves to be studied not merely as an important part of the intellectual background of civil legal systems, but also as an essential part of the history of civilization.’ He has therefore undertaken a prodigious amount of research at some of the best known academic institutions for legal study worldwide, including the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History in Frankfurt and the Max Planck Institute for Comparative and Private Law in Hamburg. Succinctly, yet in pertinent detail, he explains how Roman law evolved over a time span of eleven centuries – and how it came to be ‘the first catalyst in the evolution of the civil law tradition’. The book covers the historical and constitutional context of Roman law and its sources before examining private law, (including persons, property and succession) plus criminal law, the court system and the criminal justice process. In the final three chapters, the means by which Roman law provided the basis for contemporary civil law systems is explained. This section contains commentary on the influence (but not the reception) of Roman law in Britain, with a brief note on why Roman law is more closely linked to the Scottish legal system than that of England and Wales. It is worth pointing out that most books on classical history do not often focus specifically on Roman law. This one does -- and is therefore a welcome addition to the scholarship on the classical period. It will undoubtedly come to be regarded as an important acquisition for the well-stocked law library for lawyers and students alike. The publication date is cited as at 2015.
Views: 705 Phillip Taylor
Introduction to Roman Law
 
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Views: 50 Hardwick
Simple Rules v. Regulation [Introduction to Common Law]
 
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Can simple rules solve social coordination problems better than regulations do? Prof. Richard Epstein of NYU School of Law argues “yes,” giving examples of coordination through simple rules explaining drawbacks that top-down rules pose in different kinds of transactions. Professor Epstein, in this series on the Common Law, provides an alternative to the conventional view that property rights are arbitrarily created by the state, and therefore can be changed at will by the state. A few simple rules, he argues, are universal principles of social organization, consistent across time and culture, which form the basis of social gains. Professor Epstein is the inaugural Laurence A. Tisch Professor of Law at NYU School of Law, a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, and Professor of Law Emeritus and a senior lecturer at the University of Chicago. As always, the Federalist Society takes no position on particular legal or public policy issues; all expressions of opinion are those of the speaker. Subscribe to the series’ playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLWwcngsYgoUX3i5tMPI9kDQtoLuOXCsN_ Related links: Richard Epstein: Simple Rules for a Complex World http://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674808218 Nathan Glazer: The Law is a Mess http://www.nytimes.com/books/97/07/20/nnp/32898.html?mcubz=0 We Need More Government Regulation of Businesses … Not Less http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-macaray/we-need-more-government-r_b_3456640.html Daniel Silver: The Birth of Common Sense? www.commentarymagazine.com/articles/simple-rules-for-a-complex-world-by-richard-a-epstein/ Over-regulated America http://www.economist.com/node/21547789 John Harrison: Richard Epstein’s Big Picture http://chicagounbound.uchicago.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4920&context=uclrev
Views: 33016 The Federalist Society
Principles of Constitutional Law
 
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It is in the interest of all free national beings, to enforce their free national constitution, as the constitution is what protects them from encroachment and molestation of their unalienable birth rights. It is a disgrace for anyone of us to live in ignorance (Sin). The enforcement of our American constitution in in the interest of all those who stand for Love, Truth, Peace, Freedom and Justice (Salvation). It is stipulated in the declaration of independence that all free national beings are endowed with unalienable rights, and to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. The constitution is a contract between the American Citizens and those whom they elect to represent and protect them, if you do not enforce it then how are you protected? If there is corruption in the government, it is because the people allow it (Consent of the Governed), i.e. no one is enforcing the constitution. What is a Constitution? CONSTITUTION. The organic and fundamental law of a nation or state, which may be written or unwritten, establishing the character and conception of its government, laying the basic principles to which its internal life is to be conformed, organizing the government, and regulating, distributing, and limiting the functions of its different departments, and prescribing the extent and manner of the exercise of sovereign powers. A charter of government deriving its whole authority from the governed. Fairhope Single Tax Corporation v. Melville, 193 Ala. 289, 69 So. 466, 470. See, also, Browne v. City of New York, 213 App. Div. 206, 211 N.Y.S. 306. What is the common law. COMMON LAW. As distinguished from the Roman law, the modern civil law, the canon law, and other systems, the common law is that body of law and juristic theory which was originated, developed, and formulated and is administered in England, and has obtained among most of the states and peoples of Anglo-Saxon stock. Lux v. Haggin, 69 Cal. 255, 10 P. 674. As distinguished from law created by the enactment of legislatures, the common law comprises the body of those principles and rules of action, relating to the government and security of persons and property, which derive their authority solely from usages and customs of immemorial antiquity, or from the judgments and decrees of the courts recognizing, affirming, and enforcing such usages and customs; and, in this sense, particularly the ancient unwritten law of England. 1 Kent, Comm. 492. Western Union Tel. Co. v. Call Pub. Co., 21 S.Ct. 561, 181 U.S. 92, 45 L.Ed. 765; Barry v. Port Jervis, 72 N.Y.S. 104, 64 App. Div. 268; U. S. v. Miller, D.C.Wash., 236 F. 798, 800. What is a Citizen? CITIZEN. A member of a free city or jural society, (civitas,) possessing all the rights and privileges which can be enjoyed by any person under its constitution and government, and subject to the corresponding duties. "Citizens" are members of community inspired to common goal, who, in associated relations, submit themselves to rules of conduct for the promotion of general welfare and conservation of individual as well as collective rights. In re McIntosh, D.C.Wash., 12 F. Supp. 177. DUTY. A human action which is exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them. Chicago, etc., R. Co. v. Filson, 35 Oki. 89, 91, 128 P. 298. The words, "it shall be the duty," in ordinary legislation, imply the assertion of the power to command and to coerce obedience. Kentucky v. Dennison, 24 How. 66, 107, 16 L.Ed. 717. In its use in jurisprudence, this word is the correlative of right. Thus, wherever there exists a right in any person, there also rests a corresponding duty upon some other person or upon all persons generally. But it is also used, in a wider sense, to designate that class of moral obligations which lie outside the jural sphere; such, namely, as rest upon an imperative ethical basis, but have not been recognized by the law as within its proper. province for purposes of enforcement or redress. Thus, gratitude towards a benefactor is a duty, but its refusal will not ground an action. In this meaning "duty" is the equivalent of "moral obligation," as distinguished from a "legal obligation." Harrison v. Bush, 5 El. & Bl. 349. Duty is considered by some modern ethicists to be the fundamental conception of ethics and to be subject to intuitive knowledge; by others it is conceived as that which is ethically valid because sanctioned by law, society, or religion. Webster, Dict. As a technical term of the law, "duty" signifies a thing due; that which is due from a person; that which a person owes to another. An obligation to do a thing. A word of more extensive signification than "debt," although both are expressed by the same Latin word "debitum." Bankers' Deposit Guaranty & Surety Co. v. Barnes, 81 Kan. 422, 105 P. 697, 698.
Views: 5491 Rise of the Moors
Basics of the Civil Legal System—Refreshed (2015)
 
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Call for Justice Executive Director Ellie Krug presents an updated version of Session 1: Basics of the Civil Legal System. View the training materials here (Session 1 Refresher): http://callforjustice.org/legal-referral-training-materials/ Facebook: http://ow.ly/x1r6k Twitter: https://twitter.com/Call4JusticeLLC Donate Today: http://ow.ly/Bzy73 Explanatory Notice The following video documents a training session refresher on understanding the basics of the civil legal system that took place on March 13, 2015. It is a supplement to the March 16, 2012 training session (“Session 1: Basics of the Civil Legal System”) materials. Both sets of training materials are available online at callforjustice.org/legal-referral-training-materials. The training was arranged by Call for Justice, LLC, a Twin Cities-based non-profit that works to connect low- and moderate-income people with legal resources. Part of our work is to train United Way 211 on the various Twin Cities legal resources. Ellen Krug, Executive Director of Call for Justice, LLC, coordinated and conducted the session. The training session was presented to Information and Referral Specialists and other employees of United Way 211. The information contained in this video is not legal advice. Viewers seeking legal assistance should contact an attorney. If you are a Minnesota resident in need of legal assistance and unable to afford an attorney, you should call United Way 211 by dialing 2-1-1. At various places in the video, there may be references to “Zoey” or “Zoey Zalopa.” This is a fictional character used for purposes of exemplifying referrals to various legal resources.
Views: 8947 Call4JusticeMN
Ancient Rome History - Roman law of imperium and pomerium
 
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Roman law of imperium and pomerium. Historyden greatly appreciates the following patrons for their support: Chris Nstuff Andrew Vinnichenko Jason Welsh Complete Ancient Rome playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_FVz_AmAtqQ&list=PLZr2JvFQqLWTNZsQi95708h57TjT2rIpB
Views: 1499 Historyden
Civil law (legal system)
 
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Civil law (or civilian law) is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of late Roman law, and whose most prevalent feature is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law. This can be contrasted with common law systems whose intellectual framework comes from judge-made decisional law which gives precedential authority to prior court decisions on the principle that it is unfair to treat similar facts differently on different occasions (doctrine of judicial precedent ; stare decisis). Historically, a civil law is the group of legal ideas and systems ultimately derived from the Code of Justinian, but heavily overlaid by Napoleonic, Germanic, canonical, feudal, and local practices, as well as doctrinal strains such as natural law, codification, and legal positivism. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 12300 Audiopedia
Roman Law and Germanic Law
 
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What is Roman Law and Germanic Law? Loose Constructionism vs Strict Constructionism: https://youtu.be/zwwG0lC7iEU Who was the First President?: https://youtu.be/SbLAkfXSh94 Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/grantghurst Twitter: https://twitter.com/GrantGHurst Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/GrantGHurst/
Views: 8645 Casual Historian
UNIDROIT Principles (PICC): Principles Familiar to Civil Law, Unfamiliar to Common Law Tradition
 
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Speaker 3: Eckart Brödermann Principles Familiar to Civil Law, Unfamiliar to Common Law Tradition • Knock-Out Doctrine • Pre-contractual conduct in contract interpretation • Course of performance in contract interpretation • Duty of Good Faith in contract negotiations UNIDROIT PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL CONTRACTS On 25 February 2015, a two-hour program, The 2010 UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, took place in six video-linked locations: New York, London, Paris, Berlin, Frankfurt, andWashington D.C. The event, an initiative of the New York Branch of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIArb NY Branch), was organized and hosted by Squire Patton Boggs, and co-sponsored by ICC/SICANA, Inc., the New York International Arbitration Center (NYIAC), the College of Commercial Arbitrators (CCA), and the CIArb European Branch and Washington D.C. Chapter. Six prominent academics active in the UNIDROIT Principles Working Group made presentations on specific topics and answered questions from an audience sophisticated in international commercial law and dispute resolution. The event provided an occasion for a lively introduction to key provisions of the UNIDROIT Principles, to their actual and potential use in cross-border commercial contracts, and to their influence in the evolution of commercial law in civil, common law and developing legal systems. The program was introduced by Peter Michaelson (independent arbitrator and chair of CIArb New York Branch), and moderated by Richard Mattiaccio (Squire Patton Boggs (US) LLP partner, chair of the CIArb New York Branch Programming Committee, CCA Fellow, NYIAC director, and UNIDROIT Principles Working Group observer.)
Views: 161 CIARB NY
Introduction To Common Law Part 1
 
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Views: 118936 The Unboxing Authority
The Most BARBARIC Roman Law.
 
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The most terrifying secret of Roman Citizens dealing with debtors. Is ancient Roman Law even more primitive than Ancient Babylonian Law? Are Romans the true barbarians? Let's find out. Please leave a comment! Your opinion is important! Subtitles are included, as always! :3 Remember that the development of my channel depends on you! So please leave a like and comment! :D I believe all content used falls under the remits of Fair Use, but if any content owners would like to dispute this I will not hesitate to immediately remove said content. It is not my intent to in any way infringe on their content ownership. If you happen to find your art or images in the video please let me know and I will be glad to credit you or to delete the necessary fragments. my Email: [email protected] Information sources: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/ancient/hamframe.asp http://avalon.law.yale.edu/ancient/twelve_tables.asp http://users.ipa.net/~tanker/tables.htm http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A2007.01.0072%3Abook%3D20%3Achapter%3D1
Views: 287 Man in ushanka
The real story behind Archimedes’ Eureka! - Armand D'Angour
 
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View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-real-story-behind-archimedes-eureka-armand-d-angour When you think of Archimedes’ Eureka moment, you probably imagine a man in a bathtub, right? As it turns out, there's much more to the story. Armand D'Angour tells the story of Archimedes' biggest assignment -- an enormous floating palace commissioned by a king -- that helped him find Eureka. Lesson by Armand D'Angour, animation by Zedem Media.
Views: 2189125 TED-Ed
Law and Justice - Roman Law and Human Rights - 14.3 From Status to Contract
 
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“Law and Justice" is a free online course on Janux that is open to anyone. Learn more at http://janux.ou.edu. Created by the University of Oklahoma, Janux is an interactive learning community that gives learners direct connections to courses, education resources, faculty, and each other. Janux courses are freely available or may be taken for college credit by enrolled OU students. Dr. Kyle Harper is Associate Professor of Classics and Letters, Video by NextThought (http://nextthought.com). Copyright © 2000-2014 The Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma, All Rights Reserved.
Views: 2079 Janux
What is POSTGLOSSATOR? What does POSTGLOSSATOR mean? POSTGLOSSATOR meaning & explanation
 
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What is POSTGLOSSATOR? What does POSTGLOSSATOR mean? POSTGLOSSATOR meaning - POSTGLOSSATOR definition - POSTGLOSSATOR explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. The postglossators or commentators formed a European legal school which arose in France in the fourteenth century. They form the highest point of development of medieval Roman law. The school of the glossators in Bologna lost its vitality, resulting in the rise of a new school of legal thought in the 14th century, centred on Orléans in France. Bartolus was the most famous of the commentators. Rather than simply seeking to explain the law, the commentators were more concerned with the potential for practical application of the law. Politically at this time, the idea of the Spirit of One – one church and one empire, was popular in Europe. Roman law thus appealed as bringing the potential for one law in addition. Roman law was written and certain as well as being generally consistent and complete. The educated liked its roots and saw the potential for application. The commentators faced head on the conflict of law with custom as they saw the potential for practical application of the Roman law. They were opportunistic and as medieval Italy flourished, there were many opportunities to be the mediator between the developing political, scientific and economic spheres. Thus many of their ideas were based on practical morality, bold construction of the law and clever interpretations. For example, feudal law, which violated the absoluteness of dominium, was harmonised with Roman law by drawing links with the long lease, which gave rise to a vindicatio directa. The commentators argued that the vindicata directa was evidence of another type of ownership and that feudal ownership could fall within this category. This made Roman law more flexible, although was clearly a move away from the texts, and thus made it of greater practical use to rulers who were seeking a rational and coherent law. The Commentators went beyond the glossators, who had treated each text separately. The commentators instead wrote prose commentaries on the texts (rather like lectures,) working through, book by book, through the Digest. Rather than simply taking individual Roman law texts at face value, making it useful for practical application involved considering the rationale and principles behind the law. Certain areas were thus not considered at all, for example, Bartolus makes no attempt to consider culpa. However, this general approach produced a far more sophisticated law and enabled harmonisation between Roman law and local law. For example, Roman law said that a will was valid if you had 5 witnesses and that Roman law superseded customary law, whilst Venice law only required 3 witnesses. Bartolus’ approach was to consider why Roman law superseded custom. He concluded that this was because custom was presumed bad. However, in certain circumstances, custom would be allowed by the Emperor, where the law was considered good. Since the Venice law had come into practice after the Emperor, the Emperor had not considered if it were good law. However, it clearly was and therefore it should be allowed to continue. The Commentators also harmonised canon law with Roman law to some extent. Canonists argued that bare agreement could give rise to an action (but they only had jurisdiction where that agreement was made by oath.) The Commentators said that the canon law was simply a form of clothing which could make a bare pact enforceable. The extraction of general principles allowed Roman law to be used in situations which were unfamiliar to the Romans, it provided a coherent and convenient set of rules, which could then be used to interpret local customs, which were given primacy but very narrowly interpreted. The impact of the commentators was thus substantial. Their commentaries were found throughout Europe, in fact it was said that if one was not a Bartolist (a commentator), one could not be a lawyer at all.
Views: 182 The Audiopedia
What is CANON LAW? What does CANON LAW mean? CANON LAW meaning, definition & explanation
 
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What is CANON LAW? What does CANON LAW mean? CANON LAW meaning -CANON LAW definition - CANON LAW explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. The canon law of the Catholic Church (Ecclesiastical Latin: Jus Canonicum) is the system of laws and legal principles made and enforced by the hierarchical authorities of the Church to regulate its external organization and government and to order and direct the activities of Catholics toward the mission of the Church. It was the first modern Western legal system and is the oldest continuously functioning legal system in the West, while the unique traditions of Oriental canon law govern the 23 sui juris particular Eastern Catholic Churches. Positive ecclesiastical laws, based directly or indirectly upon immutable divine law or natural law, derive formal authority in the case of universal laws from promulgation by the supreme legislator—the Supreme Pontiff)—who possesses the totality of legislative, executive, and judicial power in his person, while particular laws derive formal authority from promulgation by a legislator inferior to the supreme legislator, whether an ordinary or a delegated legislator. The actual subject material of the canons is not just doctrinal or moral in nature, but all-encompassing of the human condition. It has all the ordinary elements of a mature legal system: laws, courts, lawyers, judges, a fully articulated legal code for the Latin Church as well as a code for the Eastern Catholic Churches, principles of legal interpretation, and coercive penalties. It lacks civilly-binding force in most secular jurisdictions. Those who are versed and skilled in canon law, and professors of canon law, are called canonists (or colloquially, "canon lawyers"). Canon law as a sacred science is called canonistics. The jurisprudence of canon law is the complex of legal principles and traditions within which canon law operates, while the philosophy, theology, and fundamental theory of canon law are the areas of philosophical, theological, and legal scholarship dedicated to providing a theoretical basis for canon law as legal system and as true law.
Views: 6042 The Audiopedia
law optional upsc lecture 9-  General principles of criminal law
 
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useful for upsc ias ips uppsc bpsc opsc optional subjects for state pcs exams
The philosophy of Stoicism - Massimo Pigliucci
 
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View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-philosophy-of-stoicism-massimo-pigliucci What is the best life we can live? How can we cope with whatever the universe throws at us and keep thriving nonetheless? The ancient Greco-Roman philosophy of Stoicism explains that while we may not always have control over the events affecting us, we can have control over how we approach things. Massimo Pigliucci describes the philosophy of Stoicism. Lesson by Massimo Pigliucci, animation by Compote Collective.
Views: 2539939 TED-Ed
Roman Law
 
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Views: 337 Mr Lagos
Canon law (Catholic Church)
 
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The canon law of the Catholic Church is the system of laws and legal principles made and enforced by the hierarchical authorities of the Church to regulate its external organization and government and to order and direct the activities of Catholics toward the mission of the Church. It was the first modern Western legal system. Positive ecclesiastical laws, based directly or indirectly upon immutable divine law or natural law, derive formal authority in the case of universal laws from the supreme legislator, who possesses the totality of legislative, executive, and judicial power in his person, while particular laws derive formal authority from a legislator inferior to the supreme legislator. The actual subject material of the canons is not just doctrinal or moral in nature, but all-encompassing of the human condition. It has all the ordinary elements of a mature legal system: laws, courts, lawyers, judges, a fully articulated legal code, principles of legal interpretation, and coercive penalties. It lacks civilly-binding force in most secular jurisdictions. Specialists in the field are usually called canonists. Canon law as a field is called canonistics. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 1797 Audiopedia
Does Natural Law Matter? [Introduction to Common Law]
 
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What are the principles of natural law - and are they relevant to positive law? For thousands of years, natural law principles were at foundational, but they have been abandoned in our current legal discourse. Professor Richard Epstein of NYU School of Law says that this is a mistake. He gives a few key natural law principles and argues that understanding and applying them is essential to improving human welfare. Professor Epstein, in this series on the Common Law, provides an alternative to the conventional view that property rights are arbitrarily created by the state, and therefore can be changed at will by the state. A few simple rules, he argues, are universal principles of social organization, consistent across time and culture, which form the basis of social gains. Professor Epstein is the inaugural Laurence A. Tisch Professor of Law at NYU School of Law, a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, and Professor of Law Emeritus and a senior lecturer at the University of Chicago. As always, the Federalist Society takes no position on particular legal or public policy issues; all expressions of opinion are those of the speaker. As always, the Federalist Society takes no position on particular legal or public policy issues; all expressions of opinion are those of the speaker. Subscribe to the series’ playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLWwcngsYgoUX3i5tMPI9kDQtoLuOXCsN_ Related links: Richard Epstein: Skepticism and Freedom http://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/chicago/S/bo3629088.html The Atlantic: When Judges Believe in 'Natural Law' https://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2014/01/when-judges-believe-in-natural-law/283311/ America Magazine: Has Natural Law Died? https://www.americamagazine.org/issue/has-natural-law-died Randy Barnett: A Law Professor's Guide to Natural Law and Natural Rights http://scholarship.law.georgetown.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2245&context=facpub Natural Law Theories https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/natural-law-theories/ John Finnis: Natural Law and Natural Rights: https://books.google.com/books/about/Natural_Law_and_Natural_Rights.html?id=1lRFHEI6JQoC
Views: 30569 The Federalist Society
Masonic Law and Jurisprudence
 
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This video looks at some of the rules, regulations and legal practices of Lodge and Grand Lodge operation. The video focuses on the Investigation Committee, Balloting, and Masonic Trials. Cornerstone Publishers is a great resource of Masonic educational material. All sales from Cornerstone Publisher directly support this channel and our Masonic research. Thanks for your support! Please visit the Cornerstone Website http://cornerstonepublishers.com Send us an email to: [email protected] Video Editor: Jonathan K. Poll A Production of The New Orleans Scottish Rite College https://www.facebook.com/groups/NOSRCollege/ Views expressed in this video are those of Michael R. Poll and not necessarily those of any Masonic Body. Copyright © 2017 Cornerstone Book Publishers All Rights Reserved
18 FI-Civil Law
 
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Municipal law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of late Roman law, and whose most prevalent feature is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law. This can be contrasted with common law systems whose intellectual framework comes from judge-made decisional law which gives precedential authority to prior court decisions on the principle that it is unfair to treat similar facts differently on different occasions.
Directive Principles Of State Policy | DPSP | Article 36-51 | Indian Constitution
 
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The Directive Principles of Indian Constitution that is Part IV- ranges from Article 36 to Article 51. We have borrowed our Directive Principles from the Irish Constitution. Directive Principles of State Policy are non-Justiciable Rights, which means that they cannot be enforced through a Court of Law. These DPSP lays down the Objectives and Framework according to which Policies and Laws should be made. As and when our Country will develop and Progress, one by one we will start enacting Legislations according to DPSP. For the purpose of understanding, the Article of Part IV of the Indian Constitution are classified as Socialistic Principles, Gandhian Principles and Liberal Principles. I have tried to provide you with a Gist of important aspect of each Article. Some of the enacted Legislations in the Light of DPSPs are: Maternity Relief Act Minimum Wages Act Environment Protection Act Forest Act, Etc. Understanding the concept of Directive Principles of State Policy -DPSPs - is very important for every Law Student. Its an important topic for any Competitive law Exam such as NET 2018, CLAT 2019, Judiciary and Indian Polity for UPSC Preparation. I hope this Video helps you in Understanding Law and Preparation for various exams - Kindly Subscribe to my Channel, So that you Stay Updated with all the Legal Topics, Current Affairs and Recent Cases See you in the Next Class! Thank You and Bye-Bye! Playlist for Jurisprudence - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vlijn... Playlist for Constitution - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ri-Ei... Instagram: @priyajain2609
Views: 48593 Finology Legal
Common Law vs Civil Law (Part 2)   - 10 Principles
 
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Natural Liberty and the Basis of Common Law Courts: First Principles. The Common Law Community Training Manual: http://itccs.org/the-common-law-and-its-courts-a-community-training-manual/
Views: 32 Owen Lucas
Civil law (legal system)
 
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Video Software we use: https://amzn.to/2KpdCQF Ad-free videos. You can support us by purchasing something through our Amazon-Url, thanks :) Civil law, civilian law or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of late Roman law, and whose most prevalent feature is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.This can be contrasted with common law systems whose intellectual framework comes from judge-made decisional law which gives precedential authority to prior court decisions on the principle that it is unfair to treat similar facts differently on different occasions .Historically, a civil law is the group of legal ideas and systems ultimately derived from the Code of Justinian, but heavily overlaid by Napoleonic, Germanic, canonical, feudal, and local practices, as well as doctrinal strains such as natural law, codification, and legal positivism.Conceptually, civil law proceeds from abstractions, formulates general principles, and distinguishes substantive rules from procedural rules. ---Image-Copyright-and-Permission--- About the author(s): Maximilian Dörrbecker (Chumwa) License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 (CC BY-SA 2.5) Author(s): Maximilian Dörrbecker Chumwa ---Image-Copyright-and-Permission--- This channel is dedicated to make Wikipedia, one of the biggest knowledge databases in the world available to people with limited vision. Article available under a Creative Commons license Image source in video
Views: 192 WikiWikiup
Maxim of Law - Common Law - Statutory law - law of the sea vs law of the land
 
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from Bouvier's 1856 Law Dictionary MAXIM. An established principle or proposition. A principle of law universally admitted, as being just and consonant With reason. Maxims in law are somewhat like axioms in geometry. 1 Bl. Com. 68. They are principles and authorities, and part of the general customs or common law of the land; and are of the same strength as acts of parliament, when the judges have determined what is a maxim; which belongs to the judges and not the jury. Terms do Ley; Doct. & Stud. Dial. 1, c. 8. Maxims of the law are holden for law, and all other cases that may be applied to them shall be taken for granted. 1 Inst. 11. 67; 4 Rep. See 1 Com. c. 68; Plowd. 27, b. The application of the maxim to the case before the court, is generally the only difficulty. The true method of making the application is to ascertain bow the maxim arose, and to consider whether the case to which it is applied is of the same character, or whether it is an exception to an apparently general rule. The alterations of any of the maxims of the common law are dangerous. 2 Inst. 210. The following are some of the more important maxims. A communi observantia non est recedendum. There should be no departure from common observance or usage. Co. Litt. 186. Actus Dei nemini facit injuriam. The act of God does no injury; that is, no one is responsible for inevitable accidents. 2 Blacks. Com. 122. See Act of God.
Views: 5116 sovereignkylehenry
A Common Lawyer Looks at Supreme Court Constitutional Law | Richard Epstein
 
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Richard Epstein, Director of Classical Liberal Institute at the University of New York School of Law, was invited by the Center for Constitutional Studies to speak at Utah Valley University. Richard Epstein spoke on the significance of being familiar with principles of common law. He discussed how being familiar with common law is beneficial in realizing what your rights and duties are as a citizen.
Natural Law School theory in hindi|नैसगिर्क विधि शास्त्र|परकृति विधि की विचार धारा|
 
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Hey guys This vedio contains a lecture on jurisprudence. This vedios talks about natural law school of jurisprudence. Meaning of natural law, it's definitions given by Aristotle, grotius,Cicero, stoics,Hobbes and other naturalist philosphers. Vedio also contains the criticism of natural law theory and it's application to modern law. Jutisprudence-1 lecture in hindi Jurisprudence the philosophy of law. Jurisprudence and legal theory. Natural law school theory notes. Jurisprudence schools of law Jurisprudence meaning Jurisprudence lecture in hindi jurisprudence-1 notes. Natural law- Every religion believes in the divines origin of their religious and moral tenets. God is infallible. God makes no mistakes. Therefore, laws made by him are ideal. Hence man made laws must be tested with reference to the divine natiral law yo ascertain its validitu. This is the essence of the natural law theory. -natural law is also known as : moral law, divine law, law of god and law of reason. natural law is the philosophy of law yhat focuses on the laws of nature. This school of jurosprudence represents the belief that they are inherent laws that are common to all socities , whether or not they are written down or officially enacted. - actions that are considered to be morally wrong will be against law. -embodies the peinviples of moralitu and natural justice and as such differs from positive law . -roman legal system- jus civile,jus gentium, jus naturale. -there exist objective actual or tangible principlez as distinguished from subjective moral principles. -they depend on the essenyial nature of the universe. - can be discovered by natural reason. - necessarily valid because they are logically connected. -originally human law is truly law only to the extent it confirms to these princoples of natural law school. Criticism of natural law. -nonsense on stilts. -varying moral principles. -Difference between legal and moral rules. -unjust law has to be obeyed. Natutal law in modern time. - fair hearing -maneka gandhi's case. -fundaental right natural law school meaning Natural law school of jurisprudence in hindi If you found the vedio useful &watch worthy then please subscribe our channel. If you have any queries then comment below. Thank you Be kind& share knowledge
Views: 19693 Cute queency
Is the Law Society's Statement of Principles an unjustified form of compelled speech?
 
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This debate was recorded on January 13, 2018 at the Runnymede Society's 2018 Law and Freedom conference. DEBATE: Be it resolved that the Law Society's Statement of Principles is an unjustified form of compelled speech. PRO: Marni Soupcoff (writer, policy analyst), Bruce Pardy (Queen's University Faculty of Law). CON: Adam Goldenberg (McCarthy Tétrault), Renatta Austin (Renatta Austin Law) In a recent email to all lawyers and paralegals licensed in Ontario, the LSUC called the new requirement “mandatory,” describing it as follows: "You will need to create and abide by an individual Statement of Principles that acknowledges your obligation to promote equality, diversity and inclusion generally, and in your behaviour towards colleagues, employees, clients and the public. You will be asked to report on the creation and implementation of a Statement of Principles in your 2017 Annual Report." According to the Law Society, “[t]he intention of the statement of principles is to demonstrate a personal valuing of equality, diversity, and inclusion with respect to the employment of others, or in professional dealings with other licensees or any other person." Critics of this new mandatory requirement consider it a form of unconstitutional compelled speech and ultra vires of the law society's statutory purpose. Supporters of the new policy consider it a modest declaration of one of the many professional obligations already required in the profession. About the speakers: Renatta Austin is the owner of the Eglinton West Law Office, where she practices family and criminal law, with an emphasis on child welfare issues. Renatta appears in the Ontario Court of Justice and the Superior Court of Justice on a near-daily basis for both trial-level work and appeals. She is a graduate of the University of Toronto and the University of Toronto Faculty of Law. Marni Soupcoff is a writer, policy analyst, and commentator. Her writing regularly appears in the National Post and Regulation magazine, and she has also been published in the Washington Post, New York Post, and Stanford Journal of International Law. She studied at Johns Hopkins University in Maryland and received her J.D. from Stanford University. She was previously Executive Director of the Canadian Constitution Foundation. Adam Goldenberg is a trial and appellate lawyer at McCarthy Tétrault LLP and an Adjunct Professor of Law at the University of Toronto. He has twice served as a judicial law clerk — first to the judges of the Court of Appeal for Ontario, and later to Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin at the Supreme Court of Canada. He acts in commercial disputes, class actions, and public law matters, as well as in criminal and regulatory proceedings. He also advises on a range of public policy issues at both the federal and provincial levels. Bruce Pardy, Professor of Law at Queen’s University, is a wandering hedgehog with interests in environmental governance, property and tort theory, human rights and freedoms, culture wars and the rule of law. He has taught at law schools in Canada, the United States and New Zealand, practiced litigation at Borden Ladner Gervais LLP in Toronto, served as adjudicator and mediator on the Ontario Environmental Review Tribunal, and is an occasional columnist for the National Post. Note: Votes taken both before and after the debate resulted in 85% in favour of the resolution and 15% opposed. However, many more people voted after the debate than voted before, so we can't accurately say how many 'hearts and minds' shifted! -
Views: 4542 Runnymede Society
Archbishop Chaput on Natural Law Principles
 
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Archbishop Charles Chaput of Philadelphia speaks with the same direct, guile-free way he writes. As a pastor of a large American city, he knows his audience: They are largely post-Christian, cynical about “organized religion,” and don’t abide clichés and easy grace. Archbishop Chaput (pronounced SHAP-you) is also a member of the Prairie Band Potawatomi tribe, the second Native American to be consecrated a bishop in the United States and the first Native American archbishop. You might say he comes from a non-immigrant family. I spoke with him about his latest book, Strangers in a Strange Land: Living the Catholic Faith in a Post-Christian World, a sort of follow-up to the thesis he laid out seven years ago in First Things journal essay, “Catholics and the Next America.” That America is here. Ignited Catholics eager to spread the gospel…not so much. Chaput has been called “alarmist” by the usual suspects in the lamescream media. Christian realist is more accurate. As Christian leaders go, His Excellency is hard-headed and soft-hearted, not the other way around. You’ll find this a conversation worth sharing after you enjoy it yourself. To watch the entire episode go here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K4zBBCIxKa0&t=1539s
Views: 341 PatrickCoffin.media
Principles of Human Rights
 
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The focus of this course is human rights, but what are human rights in the first place? In this lesson we are going to dive into this concept and see what we learn. You can view the Full Course at www.allversity.org Research and Writing by: Gustavo Carneiro and Dzmitry Tsapkou Animation and Presentation by: Shane Thomas McMillan Course Design by: Gustavo Carneiro, Dzmitry Tsapkou, and Ben Mohai Follow us on Facebook at: www.facebook.com/allversity Or on Twitter: @allversity @gustavofsc @shanemcmillan Presentation Fueled by Cookies: Soniye at Bitter Süß Cafe and Bakery in Berlin
Views: 53071 Allversity
Principles Not Policy: Essential Norms in Preserving the Rule of Law
 
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Sally Yates, former U.S. Deputy Attorney General, led a discussion moderated by Larry Rosenwald, the Anne Pierce Rogers Professor of American Literature and a Professor of English at Wellesley College. She answered probing questions about her time serving in the Department of Justice, the implications of current political events on our democratic institutions, and offered advice to the rising leaders of tomorrow.
Views: 139 WellesleyCollege
First Arab Civil Code Forum in UAE : Emmanuel Pierrat, CONSEIL NATIONAL DES BARREAUX
 
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Under the patronage of His Excellency Sultan Bin Saeed Al Badi, Minister of Justice of the United Arab Emirates, the 1st Arab Civil Code Forum was hosted by LexisNexis and Paris Sorbonne University Abu Dhabi on 7th December 2015. The Civil Code is the foundation of most Arab legal systems, with differing blends of Islamic law principles and continental civil law rules woven into the fabric of local customs and commercial practice. Modern Arab commercial law is largely built on the pioneering work of Dr Abdel Razzaq Al San-houri; the Arab world’s greatest jurist. Dr Sanhouri was a comparative law specialist who drew inspiration from the French system and Islamic legal principles to organically draft the Egyptian Civil Code and influence the development of similar codes throughout the Arab world. In honour of Dr Sanhouri’s legacy, this one day comparative law conference will bring together leading experts from UAE, Egypt, GCC, France and elsewhere to discuss the ongoing evolution of the Civil Code, but with a practical focus on hot topics in commercial contract law. The Arab Civil Code Forum will feature presentations and discussions in English and Arabic, and will be of interest to government officials, legal practitioners and jurists across the Middle East.
Views: 113 DECIDEURSTV
Natural Law Theory: Crash Course Philosophy #34
 
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Our exploration of ethical theories continues with another theistic answer to the grounding problem: natural law theory. Thomas Aquinas’s version of this theory says that we all seek out what’s known as the basic goods and argued that instinct and reason come together to point us to the natural law. There are, of course, objections to this theory – in particular, the is-ought problem advanced by David Hume. Get your own Crash Course Philosophy mug or Chom Chom shirt from DFTBA: https://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse The Latest from PBS Digital Studios: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1mtdjDVOoOqJzeaJAV15Tq0tZ1vKj7ZV -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 700326 CrashCourse
Law
 
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Law
Please note: Course content may have changed since this film was produced. Questions of analysis and interpretation, logical reasoning, ethical judgement, political liberty and social control: Law at Cambridge allows undergraduates to see law in its historical and social contexts, and to examine its general principles and techniques. Although our course is primarily concerned with English law, there are opportunities to study other legal systems, including civil (Roman) law, EU law, and international law. You can also study theoretical and sociological aspects of law such as jurisprudence or parts of criminology. To find out more about Law at Cambridge, see http://www.study.cam.ac.uk/undergraduate/courses/law/. Some of the students who appear in our course films are also featured in the 60 Second Impressions series, which can be found at http://www.cam.ac.uk/60seconds/ - keep checking back as we'll be adding new films every couple of weeks!
Views: 178368 Cambridge University
Гражданское право. Лекция 12. Общие положения об обязательствах
 
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1. Понятие обязательного права и обязательства. 2. Система и классификация обязательств. 3. Содержание и основания возникновения обязательств, его субъекты и объекты. 4. Множественность в обязательстве. 5. Перемена лиц в обязательстве. 6. Принципы исполнения обязательств. Лектор - Александр Эрделевский. Образование для всех. © Телекомпания СГУ ТВ, 2003. Другие лекции смотрите на https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLho0jPYl5RAFRbyJBxRRMcXEk8IiV0If-
Divine Principles & sacred "laws"
 
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Dear Ascension Pioneers! Welcome to my video about the Divine Principles of Creation and sacred laws. There are a few things we need to understand about the differences here, in order to truly know how things unfold in the greater scheme of things. In Creation, each sacred law applies to a particular level of experience, and yet the Divine sacred Principles always remain the same, as they are eternal and encompass all of Creation as One. Within Divine Love, Polona Aurea Dawn
Views: 994 ASCENSIONPIONEERS
What Is Uniform Civil Code (UCC)? | Full Video Explanation
 
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Here's a video which gives you an entire explanation of the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) and how important it is to India. Subscribe to Times Of India's Youtube channel here: http://goo.gl/WgIatu Also Subscribe to Bombay Times Youtube Channel here: http://goo.gl/AdXcgU Social Media Links: Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/TimesofIndia Twitter : https://twitter.com/timesofindia Google + : https://plus.google.com/u/0/+timesindia/posts 'Download TOI app on Android & iPhone and WIN free recharge coupon worth Rs. 50/- from Paytm - http://goo.gl/AvRYmM Times Of India's Official YouTube channel is managed by Culture Machine Media Pvt Ltd.
Views: 59162 The Times of India

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